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Kadikalesi Anaia Ancient City’s archeological excavations in Kusadasi provides great deal of historical information. The area is really close to Kusadasi center, being only an 8 km’s away. It’s in the middle of building complexes, called Siteler. It’s very easy to reach with busses from the town center. It took quite a long time for Kadikalesi Anaia Ancient City to excavate. A team of archeologists have worked hard to reach the result we can see today.

Kadikalesi Anaia Ancient City is one the must see places when you visit Kusadasi. The archeologists state that the findings shed light on many aspects of the history of Kusadasi. Each they seem to find something new that makes them more curious and stimulates to keep excavating.

The excavations at Kadikalesi started in 2001 in a cooperation between the Kusadasi Municipality, the Ege University Culture and The Ministry of Culture and Tourism. Until 2017 there have been many surprising findings and there is still more to discover.

The History Of Kadikalesi Anaia Ancient City In Kusadasi

Kadikalesi Anaia Ancient City in Kusadasi settlement has been used many times by different populations between the Prehistoric Era until the Ottoman Empire. Therefore we can see a very diverse of remains from these civilizations.

Kadikalesi is situated at a location from which the channel between the Dilek Peninsula and the island of Samos could be controlled. This channel used to be an important gateway for commerce traffic on the Aegean Sea.

The Importance Of Kadikalesi Anaia Ancient City in Kusadasi

At the site, there is a large mound measuring 23 meters in height and 250 meters in diameter. On this mound the archeologists found a Byzantine Castle dating back to the 13th century. They concluded that the Byzantine Castle must have protected the city. It was situated 200 metres from the sea.

At the site, there have been found many pots and vases. These are dated to belong to the Neolithic Age, meaning that these objects are as old as 8.000 to 10.000 years. Another surprising finding are the tombs that suggest that there had been a Temple of Hera, from the Roman Age.

Bishopric and Archbishopric Center Anaia

Kadikalesi Anaia Ancient City became an Bishopric Center when Christianity became the first religion in the region. There is also evidence that there were ceramics and glass production in the city during the Byzantine Period. Anaia became an Archbishopric Center in the 13th century and thus became a significant city as a religious and commercial center for the Byzantine Empire.

Monumental Church – Monastry Complex

In 2005, the excavating team made a stunning discovery. Out of the heap, a church and a monastry rose, which later proved to belong to the bishopry during the 12th and 13th century.

Kadikalesi Anaia Ancient City became in Turkish hands in the years 1300. In the 14th century the Aydınogullari, and in the 15th century the Ottoman Empire ruled over the city. We can understand the importance of the Kadikalesi Anaia Ancient City by the explanations of Prof. Dr. Zeynep Mercangoz, head of the Excavation Teamand Ege University Faculty of Literature Art History Department. According to Prof. Dr. Mercangoz, the castle was only built for protection. It was meant to mainly protect the harbor and the city. She states: “We discovered that the city was a center for the production of earthenware pots for commercial purposes. In 2006 we found a church and a monastry and first thought that the castle was meant to protect these places of worship as well as the commercial areas. We discovered a surprisingly large monumental infrastructure. Probably in the 5th or 6th century, a basilica with columns was built on top of this infrastructure. Later, in the late years of the Byzantines, the basilica underwent some chages and the columns were hidden in the walls. To the West, houses were built. To the South East corner, a cistern and a chapel were added and the complex became quite large. We suspect that the building collapsed because of earthquakes. In the Middle Byzantine era, the building was restored and used again. During those years, the bishopry, became the archbishopic center in the 13th century. Knowing these facts makes the monumental building even more impressive. The architectural details give us also many opportunities we still can analyse and discover.

As you can conclude from the above, the Kadikalesi Anaia really needs to be added to your list of things to see in Kuşadası




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